Treatment will depend on the cause and severity of your symptoms. In mild cases, you may not need to see a doctor for treatment for your nasal obstruction. An over the counter medication such as a decongestant nasal spray can be used to treat symptoms that only last for a few days or up to 2 weeks. However, these should not be used as a long-term solution. Other options can be to breathe in steam, or vapours such as menthol and eucalyptus. Thick sticky mucus in your nose can be washed away using saline drops or sprays available from your local pharmacy.
If your symptoms are caused by a seasonal allergy, antihistamine tablets may help, or if you decide to visit your GP you may be prescribed a steroid nasal spray.
Intranasal steroid spray, antihistamines or decongestants may also be prescribed by your doctor if the cause of your symptoms is found to be rhinitis. It may be necessary to take the prescribed medicine for several weeks to achieve an improvement in symptoms. Your doctor may arrange to follow up with you after several weeks / months to monitor your progress.
An operation may be recommended in cases where the nasal obstruction cannot be treated by, or does not respond to, medication. Operations include:
- Septoplasty to straighten the nasal septum
- Rhinoplasty to straighten the outside of the nose
- Turbinate surgery to reduce the swollen folds of mucous membrane
- Sinus surgery for blockages caused by persistent or recurrent infection
- Adenoidectomy for removal of enlarged adenoids
- Removal of polyps
The method of surgery chosen will depend on the cause of your nasal obstruction.