Specialist expertise: Head, Neck, Acute and chronic cough, Snoring, Sleep Apnea, Thyroid Disorders, Laryngology, Endocrine Surgery, Neck Lumps, Head and Neck Cancer, Salivary Gland Lumps, Tonsil and Adenoid Disorders, Swallowing Disorders, Sinusitis, Nasal Polyps, Nasal Allergy, Microlaryngoscopy, Larynx and Vocal Fold Surgery, Airway Obstruction, Throat and Neck Pain, Nasal Blockage, Tracheal Surgery, Laser Surgery, Airway Reconstruction, Tonsillectomy, Palatal Surgery, Robotic Surgery, Head and Neck Cancer Surgery, Lymph Node Excision, Neck Dissection, Thyroidectomy, Parotidectomy, Submandibular Gland Excision, Endoscopic Sinus Surgery, Septal and Turbinate Surgery, Head and Neck Surgery, Ear, Nose and Throat.
Sinuses are air pockets or cavities that are lined with a thin mucous membrane, the same as the lining of the nose. There are four pairs in the head (maxillary, ethmoid, sphenoid and frontal) and their purpose is to control the temperature and humidity of the air reaching the lungs. The sinuses are connected to the nose through small openings called ostia.
There are two types of sinusitis – acute and chronic.
Acute sinusitis causes severe but temporary symptoms which are usually experienced after a cold. A week or more after the symptoms of a cold begin, you will experience a green-yellow nasal discharge associated with pain around the cheeks, eyes and / or forehead. Patients may also experience swelling and a high fever as well as toothache.
Conversely, chronic sinusitis lasts for several weeks. It may be caused by an infection of the sinuses that does not resolve itself, or an allergy that affects the lining of the nose and sinuses. Common symptoms include:
- Nasal obstruction
- Nasal discharge
- Low grade fever
- Facial discomfort
- Reduced sense of smell