Specialist expertise: Type 1 & 2 Diabetes, Thyroid Disorders, Endocrine Disorders, Endocrinology, Bone Disorders, Fertility, Hypoparathyroidism.
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland that sits in the front neck. It’s responsible for secreting two hormones, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), that are critical for the normal function of cells in the body. Thyroid disorders are conditions that cause the thyroid gland to either under or overproduce hormones, which can result in a number of symptoms and health complications.
The most common thyroid disorders are:
- Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) – the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough T4. This is the most common thyroid disorder
- Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) – the thyroid gland produces too much T4
- Thyroiditis – the thyroid gland becomes swollen and inflamed causing an increase or decrease in hormone production
- Thyroid nodules – these are lumps of overgrown tissue that develop on the thyroid gland
- Goitre – this is a non-cancerous lump in the front of the neck, caused by swelling of the thyroid gland
- Thyroid cancer – it’s rare, but a lump in the thyroid can be cancerous. This type of cancer is highly treatable