Specialist expertise: Thyroid Surgery, Parathyroid Surgery, Adrenal Surgery, Endocrinology.
Also known as primary hyperparathyroidism, this is a common cause of a high calcium in the blood. This is often found when a patient has a routine blood test but can be associated with general symptoms such as fatigue, thirst and the need for frequent urination. Over the long term the condition can lead to kidney problems such as stone formation as well as brittle bones. The important steps are confirming the diagnosis and deciding if surgery is required. If surgery is needed then imaging tests are needed to identify which gland or glands are affected and it is essential that such tests are done by expert radiologists.
The commonest cause of underactive parathyroids is accidental damage during surgery. This condition requires careful replacement so that a patient avoids long term side effects.