Specialist expertise: Thyroid Surgery, Parathyroid Surgery, Adrenal Surgery, Endocrinology, Thyroidectomy, Parathyroidectomy, Laparoscopic and Retroperitoneoscopic Adrenalectomy, Thyroid Cancers, Hyperparathyroidism, Parathyroid Disease, Adrenal Tumours, Endocrine Disorders, Adrenal Cortex Tumours, Phaeochromocytomas.
The parathyroid gland is made up of four small glands that sit behind the thyroid gland in your neck.
They are responsible for the production of parathyroid hormone (PTH), which controls the levels of calcium and phosphorous in your blood, aids in the production of vitamin D and helps prevent the loss of too much calcium in your urine.
The main types of parathyroid gland disorder are hyperparathyroidism (overactive parathyroids) and hypoparathyroidism (underactive parathyroids).
If you have hyperparathyroidism, this means your parathyroid is producing too much PTH. This can lead to high levels of calcium in the blood, known as hypercalcemia, which can cause serious health problems, including osteoporosis and kidney stones.
If you have hypoparathyroidism, this means your parathyroid is not producing enough PTH. This can lead to too little calcium in your blood and too much phosphorous. This can damage your glands and can adversely affect your muscles, nerves and other functions.