Specialist expertise: Gastroenterology, Colonoscopy, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Oesophageal Dilatation, Stricture Dilatation, Endoscopic Mucosal Resection, Per-Oral Endoscopic Myotomy, HALO Radiofrequency Ablation, Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth, High Resolution Manometry, Impedance pH Monitoring, Wireless pH Monitoring, Oesophageal Physiology, Behavioural Modification Therapy, Trans-Oral Incisionless Fundoplication, Dysphagia, Heartburn, Acid Reflux, Investigation and Management of Reflux, Barrett’s Oesophagus, Achalasia, Eosinophilic Oesophagitis, Belching Disorders, Gastroparesis, Abdominal Pain, Bloating, Constipation, Diarrhoea, Anaemia, Rectal Bleeding, Rumination Syndrome.
Gastro oesophageal reflux disease (GORD or GERD) is a common digestive disorder that is closely related to acid reflux; however, the two conditions are not the same.
Acid reflux is the backflow of gastric acids and bile from the stomach up into the oesophagus (food pipe). The main symptom of acid reflux is heartburn. This is a burning sensation in the chest. Many people experience heartburn incidentally, after eating certain foods, lying down or bending over. In most cases, acid reflux can be treated with over-the-counter, pharmacy medicines.
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD or GERD) is the chronic (long-term) form of acid reflux and is a more serious condition. GORD is diagnosed when acid reflux happens more than twice a week or causes inflammation in the oesophagus (oesophagitis).
GORD is more common in older people, and it is slightly more common in women compared to men. However, it can affect anyone of any age and any ethnic origin.
Complications of GORD
If GORD is left untreated, it can lead to certain healthcare complications over time. So, this digestive condition requires accurate diagnosis and management from qualified gastro-intestinal specialists.
Complications of GORD can include
- Oesophageal ulcers: painful sore located in the lining of the lower part of the oesophagus These ulcers can bleed, causing pain and making it difficult to swallow.
- Narrowing of the oesophagus: can make it difficult to swallow. Food feels like it is stuck in the chest area.
Around 10 to 15 percent of people with GORD will develop Barrett’s oesophagus, which is a digestive condition that increases the risk for a type of oesophageal cancer known as adenocarcinoma.