Condition: Endocrine tumours

Tumours may be found in any endocrine gland but most commonly these are found in the thyroid, adrenal and pituitary.

What are
endocrine tumours?

Endocrine tumours form icn glands or in cells that produce hormones. These include your pituitary, thyroid, and adrenal glands.

Tumours may be found in any endocrine gland but most commonly these are found in the thyroid, adrenal and pituitary.


What causes
endocrine tumours?

There is no one exact cause for endocrine tumours - it is thought that most occur by chance. You may be more likely to develop an endocrine tumour if you have a rare family syndrome called multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, conditions called neurofibromatosis or tuberous sclerosis, or if you have direct family members with a carcinoid tumour.


Diagnosing
endocrine tumours

Specialist blood tests and imaging are used to work out if the tumours are non-cancerous and to ensure that the tumour is not overproducing any hormone or causing underproduction of hormones from the rest of the gland.


Treatment for
adrenal disorders

Our specialists have a wide range of experience dealing with the commonly found tumours of pituitary, thyroid and adrenal. Within the team there are also experts who routinely deal with much rarer endocrine tumours, including those associated with genetic disease.

These rarer conditions and tumours include:

  • Phaeochromocytomas and Paragangliomas
  • Familial Paraganglioma Syndromes (e.g. SDHB)
  • Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (Type 1 and 2)
  • Medullary Thyroid Cancer
  • Neuroendocrine Tumours
  • Craniopharyngiomas

The treatment of an endocrine tumour will depend on whether it is thought to be cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign), and whether it is thought to be functioning or non-functioning. In most cases endocrine tumours are both benign and non-functioning and can be managed conservatively. However, if an endocrine tumour has the potential to cause harm, full treatment options will be discussed from medical treatment to endocrine surgery.