Treatment: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections

A PRP injection is a type of therapy used to reduce pain and treat a range of conditions, including musculoskeletal conditions and injuries.


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What is a platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection?

A PRP injection is a type of therapy used to reduce pain and treat a range of conditions, including musculoskeletal conditions and injuries.

The injections uses the platelets and plasma components from your own blood to promote and take advantage of its natural healing properties. This helps to accelerate the repair of damaged joint tissue including cartilage, tendons, ligaments, muscle and bone, and can also reduce pain and improve joint function.

Why might you need to have a PRP injection?

PRP injections can be effective in the treatment of a wide range of musculoskeletal conditions and injuries, such as:

PRP injections may also be used for the following: post-surgical wound treatment, treating hair loss and as an anti-ageing (skin rejuvenation) treatment.

When the PRP injection is injected into the scalp, PRP releases growth factors and cytokines that activate dormant follicles, and prolong the growth phase of hair. By addressing the underlying factors contributing to hair loss, such as follicle miniaturization and reduced blood flow, PRP injections can effectively rejuvenate the hair follicles,

What does having a PRP injection involve?

Your blood is made up of four major components: red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma, and platelets. Platelets are tiny fragments of cells in the bone marrow called megakaryocytes. The function of platelets is to aid in the clotting of blood and to help wounds heal, while plasma is the liquid component of blood.

PRP injections use only the plasma and platelets from your blood to stimulate healing in a specific site in the body. To harvest PRP, a nurse will draw some of your blood and then put it in a device called a centrifuge to spin it at a high speed to separate the red blood cells from the other major components of your blood. The red blood cells are then removed to leave behind platelet-rich plasma - a highly concentrated mixture of plasma, platelets and white blood cells (which help protect against infection).

Once the PRP has been prepared, this is drawn up into a syringe, ready to be injected into the site of concern, for example, the knee, elbow or shoulder joint. Before the injection is administered, you will be given a small injection of local anaesthetic under the skin near the affected area. When the area is numb, your consultant will inject the PRP into the joint. In some cases, they may use an ultrasound scan to pinpoint the specific area of treatment so that they can guide the needle to more accurately administer the injection.

The number of injections you’ll need, and their frequency, will depend on your injury or condition but can range from two to six injections. Your consultant will discuss this with you.

How should you prepare for a PRP injection?

At your initial consultation, your consultant will guide you on how to best prepare for the injection. This may include stopping taking painkillers and anti-inflammatories, and fasting.

Recovering from a PRP injection

As PRP injections promote healing, you will not feel an immediate improvement in your condition. However, the area will begin healing much more quickly than it otherwise would have, so you can expect to notice a reduction in pain in just a few days or weeks.

You may experience some discomfort and bruising after a PRP injection and you may have some numbness for a few hours due to the local anaesthetic. The most common side effects from a PRP injection are discomfort, pain, and/or stiffness at the injection site.

Risks of a PRP injection

As PRP injections are prepared using your own blood, they are very safe and the treatment carries a low risk of infection and complications. The treatment is also very minimally invasive, so while there is a small risk of infection, bleeding and nerve damage, this is very rare.

Treatment Programme
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections


Health Insurance

This service or treatment is generally covered by most health insurance policies. You are responsible for checking your insurance policy cover, and you may need a referral letter. Check which insurance companies are covered.


Doctor Referral Only

You will generally need to get a referral letter from your NHS GP, Private GP, or other doctor to access this service or treatment. Find out more including how we can assist you


Self-Pay Available

This treatment is available for self-paying users. If you would like to see more information on pricing visit our pricing and payments page.


Consultation Required

For this treatment you will need to have a 1-to-1 consultation at OneWelbeck first. To book in with our team of expert clinicians or to find out more about the process contact the relevant centre team.


Same Day Availability

We usually have same-day appointments available for this service. Please call us to book.


Next Day Availability

We usually have next day availability for this service, please call us to check availability.