This involves elevated levels of carbon dioxide in the blood during sleep. This is a result from a lack of air moving in and out of the lungs. The insufficient breathing is usually associated with the patient having a health-related hyperventilation disorder such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary hypertension, or disorders that effect the nervous system. Diagnostics and treatment for sleep-related hyperventilation is often directed at managing the underlying illness contributing to breathing problems.
This is similar to sleep related hypoventilation, where concentrations of oxygen in the blood drop. Unlike sleep related hypoventilation the levels of carbon dioxide in the blood don’t rise to the same ratio. Sleep related hypoxemia most often occurs because of another health problem that effect breathing and a patient’s lungs.
This is a pattern of abnormal breathing and vocalisation (groaning) during sleep. Most commonly during episodes of catathrenia a patient will exhale slowly and make a monotone, grown-like sound. While there are no resulting health risks to the sleeper, this could cause embarrassment or disruption to their partner. Medical advice and treatments are available.
This is when a patient grinds their teeth at night. Bruxism is often related to stress, anxiety or sleep problems such as snoring and sleep apnoea. Most commonly symptoms include face, neck and jaw pain, and headaches. While treatment for teeth grinding is not always needed if a patient is concerned medical treatments are available.