Specialist expertise: Dizziness, Neuro-ophthalmology, Headache, Multiple Sclerosis, Neurology.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disorder that affects the central nervous system (CNS), which includes the brain and spinal cord. It is considered an autoimmune disease, where the body's immune system mistakenly attacks its own healthy tissues, specifically the protective covering of nerve fibres called myelin. Myelin serves as insulation around nerve fibres, allowing for efficient transmission of electrical signals between the brain and the rest of the body.
When the myelin is damaged or destroyed in multiple sclerosis, it disrupts the normal flow of nerve impulses. This can lead to various neurological symptoms, depending on the location and extent of the damage.
Fortunately the treatment of MS has greatly advanced in the last few years with treatments from tablets to stem cell therapies which can transform the prognosis of MS.