Condition: Coronary Disease Prevention

Coronary disease, also known as coronary artery disease (CAD), is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Fortunately, many risk factors are modifiable through lifestyle changes and early intervention. Learn how you can help prevent the condition and promote a heart-healthy lifestyle.


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Who is affected by coronary disease?

Coronary disease occurs when the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle (coronary arteries) become narrowed or blocked by a buildup of fatty deposits (plaque). This restricts blood flow to the heart, leading to various cardiovascular problems, including heart attacks.

BHF CAD facts
Source: British Heart Foundation

What causes coronary disease?

  • Atherosclerosis: The hallmark of coronary disease is the formation of atherosclerotic plaques within the coronary arteries. These plaques consist of cholesterol, fat, calcium, and other substances. Over time, they can harden and narrow the arteries, restricting blood flow to the heart.

  • Risk factors: such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle contribute to an increased risk of coronary disease.

  • Genetic factors: Some inherited conditions, can lead to high levels of cholesterol in the blood, increasing the risk of coronary artery disease.

Regular health check-ups and discussions with healthcare professionals can help assess and manage these risks.

How is coronary disease detected?

Early detection, management of risk factors, and lifestyle modifications are crucial in preventing or managing coronary disease. Investigations for risk of CAD and other cardiac-related conditions include:

  • Blood Tests: often conducted to measure cholesterol levels, triglycerides, and other lipid levels in the blood. Elevated levels of certain lipids, particularly low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, are associated with an increased risk of coronary disease.

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG): measures the heart's electrical activity. It can help detect abnormal heart rhythms, signs of a previous heart attack, or ischemic changes (indicating reduced blood flow to the heart).

  • Other tests may also be recommended by your cardiologist including a full medical history, stress test, echocardiogram, coronary angiography, CT angiography or cardiac MRI.

How can OneWelbeck help?

Our world-class cardiologists have expertise in coronary disease risk management and offer longitudinal follow-ups to support your heart health.

Peace of mind: For those with no cardiac-related symptoms, our cardiologists can offer a range of diagnostic tests to assess your risk of coronary disease and offer personalised advice on managing your heart health.

Ongoing care: We can ensure that you have a trusted partner in caring for your cardiovascular well-being. This continuity of care fosters a deeper understanding of your unique health needs and allows for timely adjustments to any treatment or management plan if deemed necessary.

Integrated with other specialities: If any underlying conditions or causes are discovered, we seamlessly connect patients with specialists including endocrinology, bariatrics, and nutrition for comprehensive health support, all within the same building.