Condition: Common Sports Injuries

Sports injuries are commonly caused by overuse, direct impact, or the application of force that is greater than the body part can structurally withstand. The most common injuries include strains/ruptures, knee injuries, concussion and fractures.

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A strain is a pull, twist/tear of a muscle or tendon. Strains are very common sports injuries, especially for those who play contact sports. Similarly to sprains, strains can be either a minor tear, to a complete tear of a muscle/tendon – which usually happens in muscles or tendons between two joints. Common strain injuries include Achilles tendon strain; an injury that occurs in the Achilles tendon, and a condition that runners normally experience. Some symptoms include swelling around or within the tendon itself, pain, and or stiffness.

Knee Injuries

Knee injuries include trauma to one or more tissues that make up the knee joint. Knee injuries often happen due to a fall, which can twist, fracture or dislocate the knee. Common knee injuries include a meniscal tear, which is what happens when you’ve torn your meniscus (a C-shaped pad of the cartilage in the knee that essentially acts as an absorber – each knee has two menisci). Some symptoms of a meniscal tear include a popping sensation, swelling/stiffness, and or pain. Another common knee injury is torn anterior cruciate ligament, the cruciate ligaments that are found inside your knee joint and cross each other like, similar to an 'X'. They provide stability for the knee to function properly, whether for your everyday day-to-day life or extreme sport. Some symptoms include pain or rapid swelling, loss of motion, and discomfort whilst walking.


A concussion is a brain injury that affects the functionality of your brain. It occurs when your brain is moved out of its position for a short period of time – which is often caused by a direct blow to the head. Concussion symptoms are usually temporary but can affect your day-to-day life as they can include headaches, and problems with memory, vision, concentration, and coordination. People who usually play contact sports such as football or rugby are more likely to experience a concussion.


A fracture is a broken bone and one of the most common sports injuries. Often, a fracture is caused by prolonged movements, repetitive forces, or even falls. Common fractures that happen within sports include shoulder fractures, as well as hand, foot, and ankle fractures. A heavy blow to the shoulder or a bad fall can cause the humerus (a bone in the upper arm between the shoulder and elbow) to fracture. Some signs of fracture include shoulder pain, swelling, tenderness, bruising, and restricted shoulder movement. Hand fractures are common in the wrist and hand whilst playing sports as they are extremities that become vulnerable in extreme sports, such as tackling in rugby etc.

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Common Sports Injuries Specialists

We boast a truly integrated team of orthopaedic surgeons, sports medicine physicians, podiatric surgeons, rheumatology specialists, paid medicine consultants and hand therapy specialists who are expert in common sports injuries, and how to treat them.