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What causes concussion?

Concussion is a form of brain injury, that occurs either as a direct blow to the head (for example in rugby), hitting your head on a low ceiling, or as a result of the head being moved suddenly without direct contact, e.g. falling to the floor without hitting your head. You do not need to lose consciousness to have concussion.

What are the symptoms of concussion?

The symptoms of concussion are varied, and can range from being mildly annoying to significantly affecting your ability to function. The most common include headache, feeling fatigued, feeling sick or sensitive to light or noise. Some people find they want to sleep a lot more, while others struggle to fall asleep.

If I suffer from concussion should I always seek medical advice?

Absolutely: concussion needs to be managed. If you are actively taking part in  sport then the return to this needs to be managed appropriately so that you do not risk returning too soon and suffering potentially serious consequences.

What are the treatment options for concussion?

Primarily treatment is about managing your symptoms, when things start to improve then a graded return to activity is undertaken in a graded approach. MRI scans of the brain are sometimes done if the symptoms are unusual or the resolution of them is taking longer than expected. Sometimes CT scans are done in the early stages to rule out potentially serious additional issues but this is not frequent.

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