Specialist expertise: Surgical Management of Type 2 Diabetes, Anti-reflux Surgery, Hernia Surgery, General Surgery, Laparoscopic Procedures (Keyhole Surgery), Robotic Surgery, Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy, Bariatric Surgery, Gastric Bypass, Sleeve Gastrectomies, Lower Gastrointestinal Surgery, Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery, Appendicitis, Gallstones, Pancreatitis, Bowel Obstruction, Heartburn, Obesity, Diverticular Disease, Achalasia, Hepato-Biliary and Pancreatic Disease, Gastroparesis.
Your blood pressure is recorded with two numbers, systolic pressure and diastolic pressure.
The gallbladder is a small pear-shaped organ that acts as a storage tank for bile. The bile is made in the liver by liver cells and is sent through tiny ducts or canals to the duodenum (small intestine) and to the gallbladder. The gallbladder stores the bile to have it available in larger quantities for secretion when a meal is eaten. The ingestion of food and especially fats cause the release of a hormone, which in turn signals the relaxation of the valve at the end of the common bile duct which lets the bile enter the small intestine. It also signals the contraction of the gallbladder which squirts the concentrated liquid bile into the small intestine where it helps with the emulsification or breakdown of fats in the meal.
Gallstones are collections of crystals of various substances in the bile. They look like small stones or gravel and they grow in the gallbladder. Around 5.5 million adults in the United Kingdom have gallstones. They are more common in women than men, but overweight people and those over 60 seem to be more at risk. Gallstones may stay in the gallbladder or move into the bile duct (the tube between your liver and intestine).