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Routine health checks can help detect conditions or problems at an early stage allowing treatment to protect future health. There are a number of different types of check-up and they include:
- Assessment and advice for women planning to start a family. This includes personal medical history, family history, general health and individual risk factors. Early identification of potential problems either for fertility or pregnancy itself. Tests that may be indicated include checking for anaemia, vitamin D levels and thyroid function as well as pre-conception genetic screening where appropriate.
General health check
- Evaluation of gynaecological health including history and examination. Tests include cervical (‘pap’) smear +/- HPV screening, sexual health screen where appropriate (including for chlamydia) and pelvic ultrasound depending on symptoms or examination findings.
Ovarian cancer screening
- Although it has not been established that routine testing by ultrasound combined with a tumour marker is effective at screening for ovarian cancer it may be appropriate in women who have risk factors. The most important of these is family history of breast and ovarian cancer. Early diagnosis and treatment gives the best outcomes.
- Review of current contraception and up to date advice about available options.